SPN 91 - FMI 3 (Fault Code 131)

SPN 91 - FMI 3 (Fault Code: 131)
ISB, ISC, and ISL - Accelerator Pedal or Lever Position Sensor 1 Circuit

Fault Code: 131
PID(P), SID(S): P091
SPN: 91
FMI: 3/3
Lamp: RED

REASON: Accelerator Pedal or Lever Position Sensor 1 Circuit - Voltage Above Normal or Shorted to High Source. High voltage detected at accelerator pedal position number 1 circuit.

EFFECT: Severe derate in power output of the engine. Limp home power ONLY.

Circuit Description:
The accelerator position sensor is a hall-effect sensor attached to the accelerator pedal. The accelerator position sensor varies the signal voltage to the electronic control module (ECM) as the accelerator pedal is depressed and released. Low signal voltage is received by the ECM when the accelerator pedal is at 0 percent. A high signal voltage is received by the ECM when the accelerator pedal is at 100 percent. The accelerator pedal position circuit contains an accelerator pedal position 5 volt supply, accelerator pedal position return, and accelerator pedal position signal.

The accelerator pedal contains two position sensors. These position sensors are used to measure the throttle position. Both position sensors receive a 5 volt supply from the ECM. A corresponding signal voltage, based on the accelerator pedal position, is then received from the ECM. The signal voltage for accelerator position 1 is twice as much as the signal voltage from the accelerator position 2. When the ECM senses a signal voltage lower than the normal operating range of the sensor, this fault code is set. 

Component Location:
The accelerator pedal or lever position sensor is located on the accelerator pedal or lever.

Conditions for Running the Diagnostics:
This diagnostic runs continuously when the keyswitch is in the ON position.

Conditions for Setting the Fault Codes:
The ECM detects that the throttle pedal signal voltage is greater than 4.55-VDC for more than 1 second.

Action Taken When the Fault Code is Active:
• The ECM illuminates the red STOP ENGINE light immediately when the diagnostic runs and fails.

Conditions for Clearing the Fault Code:
The ECM will turn off the red STOP ENGINE light immediately after the diagnostic runs and passes.

Shop Talk:

  • Verify the electronic control module (ECM) calibration is correct. Check the calibration revision history found on QuickServe® Online for applicable fixes to the calibration stored in the ECM. If necessary, recalibrate the ECM.
  • Newer engines use two throttle position sensors to determine the throttle position. Older throttle pedals used a single throttle position sensor and an idle validation switch. If Fault Codes 132 and 1241 are active when the accelerator pedal is in the idle position, and Fault Code 132 goes inactive, and Fault Code 1239 goes active when the throttle is depressed, the incorrect throttle pedal has been installed in the vehicle. A throttle pedal with two acceleration position sensors must be installed.
  • If troubleshooting an intermittent accelerator problem: The accelerator pedal or lever position sensor signal voltage can be monitored with the INSITE™ electronic service tool, while flexing the harness to locate the intermittent connection.

Possible causes of this fault include:
• Accelerator pedal or lever position signal circuit shorted to battery or +5 volt supply
• Open accelerator pedal return circuit in the harness or connections
• Accelerator supply shorted to battery
• Failed accelerator pedal or lever position sensor.
NOTE: The three wires in the accelerator position sensor circuit must be twisted together.

Read More:
FMI 16 - Fault Code 124
SPN 102 - FMI 4 (Fault Code 123)
SPN 102 - FMI 3 (Fault Code 122)


Subscribe to receive free email updates:

0 Response to "SPN 91 - FMI 3 (Fault Code 131)"

Post a Comment