SPN 677 - FMI 3 (Fault Code 584)

SPN677 FMI3 (Fault Code 584)
Starter Relay Driver Circuit - Voltage Above Normal or Shorted to High Source

ISB, ISC, and ISL with CM2150 - Starter Relay Circuit

Fault Code: 584
PID(P), SID(S): S39
SPN: 677
FMI: 3/3

REASON: Starter Relay Driver Circuit - Voltage Above Normal or Shorted to High Source. Open circuit or high voltage detected at starter lockout circuit.

EFFECT: Either the engine will not start or the engine will not have starter lockout protection.

Circuit Description:
The starter lockout relay is controlled by the ECM through the starter lockout relay signal circuit. The relay prevents the starter from being engaged when the engine is running. The relay return circuit is dependent on OEM wiring. It may be wired back to the ECM on some vehicles, or wired to the chassis or block ground on others. Consult the OEM wiring diagram for return circuit details. The starter lockout relay circuit utilizes a pulse width modulated (PWM) signal. A PWM signal is a pulsed voltage signal between 0-VDC and system voltage. The frequency of the pulsed voltage signal is dependent on the application requirement.

Component Location:
The starter lockout relay is installed by the vehicle OEM. Refer to the OEM troubleshooting and repair manual for exact location.

Conditions for Running the Diagnostics:
This diagnostic runs when the keyswitch is in the ON position and when the PWM device is being energized or deenergized. In some cases the diagnostic may also run at some fixed intervals.

Conditions for Setting the Fault Codes:
The starter lockout relay circuit PWM signal is not detected to be system voltage when the PWM signal is turned on.

Action Taken When the Fault Code is Active:
• The ECM illuminates the amber CHECK ENGINE light immediately when the diagnostic runs and fails.
• The Starter Lockout feature will be disabled.

Conditions for Clearing the Fault Code:
The ECM will turn off the amber CHECK ENGINE light and the fault code state will become inactive immediately after the diagnostic runs and passes. The fault code can also be cleared using INSITE™ electronic service tool.

Shop Talk:
Verify the electronic control module (ECM) calibration is correct. Check the calibration revision history found on Quickserve® Online for applicable fixes to the calibration stored in the ECM. If necessary, recalibrate the ECM.

The ECM monitors the voltage level on this circuit. If it detects a voltage when the signal is commanded off, it records this fault code.This fault can be caused by:
• Open circuit in the starter lockout relay, OEM harness, or connectors
• Short circuit to a voltage source in the OEM harness or relay.

Read More:
SPN 157 - FMI 2 (Fault Code 554)
SPN 157 - FMI 18 (Fault Code 559)


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